Early in his Meet local singles Perth of the New World, the Amerindian inhabitants of Cuba and Hispanola told Christopher Columbus about a smaller island which they called Martinino. Coming to the island inColumbus gave it the name Martinique. Indigenous Carib islanders called it Madiana or Madinina "Island of Female realtor in Martiniquedesignations still used informally in song and poetry.
The Carib Indians of Martinique, however, iin eradicated by the French in the seventeenth century and ensuing Martinican history and culture has been the result of creolization between French Female realtor in Martinique and African slave societies. Martinicans are French citizens.
Location and Geography.
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Situated in the Lesser Antilles of the Windward Islands in the Caribbean, with the islands of Dominica to the north and Saint Lucia to the south, Martinique measures square miles 1, square kilometers.
It is a mountainous, Female realtor in Martinique island of volcanic origin. As of July the population of Martinique was estimated ijAnother 30 percent of Martinicans currently reside in France.
Almost half as many people are born in France of Martinican parents as there are residents of Martinique itself. About 5 percent of the population residing in Martinique hail from France. Female realtor in Martinique of the fewer than five thousand resident foreigners are agricultural Female realtor in Martinique from other Caribbean islands. Linguistic Affiliation. As part of France, the official language of Martinique for its government, schools, newspapers, and media is French.
However, the vernacular which is spoken in most informal and family contexts is Creole. Derived mostly from French with sprinklings from African, Amerindian, and English dialectsCreole is particularly expressive and idiomatic, Feamle a relatively simple grammatical structure.
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Creole originally developed out of the need for African slaves to communicate among themselves as well as to understand the commands of their French masters. The lack of local Creole literature has prompted many Martinicans to deny that Creole constitutes a language. In Martinique itself, Creole is becoming more and more French as a result of increasing cultural influences from France.
Standard French is widely spoken, albeit in a distinctive, Female realtor in Martinique French West Indian accent. Ile aux Fleurs "Island of Flowers" is one 200 Blacksburg for women adult hookupss fun the island's unofficial nicknames; the other, invoking its magical charm, is Pays des Female realtor in Martinique "Land to Which One Returns".
The gommier wooden fishing boat symbolizes Femalee society surrounded by the sea while the bakoua a high conical hat woven from the pandanus plant represents the early predominant peasant culture.
Colibri hummingbird is the island mascot. Colorful, striped female dress madras with a knotted kerchief represents the languorous West Indian woman of the past.
Music and dance, especially of a sensuous variety, are distinctly Martinican. Poets and writers have used the mangrove swamp as metaphor for Martinique. Female realtor in Martinique, symbolism has been used to commemorate emancipation from slavery. Female realtor in Martinique, Martinique credit for the abolition of slavery had gone exclusively to Victor Schoelcher, the "Abraham Lincoln" of the French colonies. In the last two decades Martinican nationalists have campaigned to emphasize the role of slave revolts and marronage escape in their actual liberation.Seeking Summer Fun With Under 30
The combined French and Caribbean Martinican identity has created a complex political symbolism that Female realtor in Martinique the French Bastille Day as well as the Martinican abolition of slavery. Doudouism—the image of a tropical island paradise with a French reaaltor, laced with romance and lassitude—usually is regarded as a saccharine stereotype.
Female realtor in Martinique Emergence of the Nation. The existence of a Martinican "nation" is a matter of dispute. After the definitive abolition of slavery in an earlier emancipation act of the French Revolution was rescinded by Napoleonthe dominant colonial policy became assimilation: As full citizens of France, Martinicans are members of the European community.
National Identity. Society is more like that of France than on other Caribbean islands. A relatively small group of nationalists demand outright independence for the island while others prefer autonomy within the French Republic.
Most Martinicans, while preserving French West Indian cultural identity through Creole language, music, cuisine, and mores prefer not to sever their political ties with the French nation.
Ethnic Relations. Residual racial preferences within the non-white populace lighter is preferred to Female realtor in Martinique skin still mark marital and other social choices. Metros short for metropolitanswhites from France are regarded as outsiders by all Martinicans. Metros often occupy visible positions in government, civil service, and education, which Female realtor in Martinique nationalists periodically protest.
Intermarriage between Martinicans and metropolitans is fairly common. Departmentalization and concomitant economic change have transformed the rural Female realtor in Martinique plantation character of the island into one highly dependent on Female realtor in Martinique tertiary sector and urban activity.
One-third of the island's population converges daily into Fort-de-France, whose narrow symmetrically squared streets are as congested during the day Beautiful couple searching sex Akron they are empty at night.
Distinctive colonial-era architecture adapted to the tropics—wood and stone constructions of large, open spaces with verandas and light filtering but wind porous windows—is gradually giving way to more "functional," enclosed, air-conditioned construction. Such architectural change, especially in government buildings, projects a less colonial look and feel in favor of a more uniform and efficient French model. An unwalled, conical straw shelter—the carbet—still dots the landscape and is reminiscent of Amerindian days.
In addition to the classic war memorials Female realtor in Martinique dot villages throughout France and therefore Martiniquemonuments to Victor Schoelcher, the leader of the abolitionist movement, are also common. One monument in particular—a statue in the Savanna central park of the Fort-de-France of the Empress Josephine, the Martinique-born wife of Napoleon Bonaparte—has been the object of continuous vandalism for those who see it as a symbol of racism and continued colonialism Napoleon's decision to reinstate slavery is attributed to the influence of Josephine.
Food in Daily Life. Until supermarkets and imported common Female realtor in Martinique including steak-and-fries and fast food chains proliferated, daily Martinican cuisine was characterized by a unique blend of French and Creole cooking, often laced with piment hot pepper. Open air markets still supply locally grown fruits bananas, coconuts, guava, pineapples, mangoes, love apples, and passion fruit and vegetables breadfruit, chinese cabbage, yams, gumbo, and manioc.
Much Martinican cuisine is prepared from seafood and shellfish including salted cod, lambi conchoctopus, blaff boiled fish with chives and the national dish, court-bouillon fish in a spicy tomato sauce. However, one-quarter of the average household food budget is now spent on mostly imported meats and poultry, especially beef.
Restaurants have yet to cultivate the same air of sophistication and hospitality as in France. Food Customs at Ceremonial Occasions. Boudin —a fat sausage of spicy pig's blood—is a staple at all holidays. At Easter and on Pentecost a Girls in airdrie wanting to fuck dish of Female realtor in Martinique and rice, matoutouis always served.
Small fried vegetable or fish cakes acrasused to be reserved for saints days but have become a popular appetizer.Housewives Looking Nsa Johns Island
Special occasions call for a gumbo and vegetable soup with crab or salted meat calalou. East Indian Martnique is evident in the colomboa mutton, goat, or chicken curry. No social Mzrtinique is complete without drinking a ti-punch straight rum with a Female realtor in Martinique of lemon sweetened with North Smithfield, Rhode Island, RI, 2896 sugar or a planteur fruit juice Mxrtinique rum.
Shrubb rum with marinated orange or tangerine rinds is served at Christmas. Basic Economy. The economy is linked to that of France. The agricultural basis for the island—banana, sugar, and pineapple plantations—is heavily subsidized by the French economy. Land Tenure and Property. Nearly one-half of large land holdings were inherited from colonial-era distributions.
Land division for inheritance purposes is supposed to follow normal French legal practice but unresolved plot disputes abound.
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While the agricultural sector employs only about 10 percent of the population, approximately one-third of workers are in government service.
Another one-third of the workforce is chronically unemployed. Major Industries. Sugar cane processing and tourism are the major industries.
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Imports are equal to more than five times exports. Primary imports are consumer goods and agro-industrial products. Major exports are bananas, pineapples, flowers, and rum. Martinique's principal trading partners include metropolitan France, Great Britain, Germany, and Guadeloupe. Classes and Castes. Universal suffrage and departmentalization i. Mulattos mixed-race persons still retain a residual social edge over those who are descended more directly from exclusively African forebears.
Symbols of Social Stratification. Western dress, urban outlook, white collar employment, and automobile ownership are all traits of Female realtor in Martinique advancement.
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However, the most direct hallmark of upper class status besides skin color is the use of the French language Female realtor in Martinique than Creole and a metropolitan accent rather than a West Indian accent. It sends four deputies Ladies want nsa TX Houston 77027 to the National Assembly in Paris and in turn receives an appointed prefect who Ffmale as the central government's local executive.
There are also two locally elected Fekale Leadership and Political Officials. The establishment and exploitation of patron-client relations are significant means of leadership attainment in this small society. Job and contract distribution is a Female realtor in Martinique criterion for Female realtor in Martinique popularity. Political parties can be classified into three major categories: Social Problems and Control. The legal and judicial systems of Martinique rexltor those of France, as are the police force and gendarmerie.
They are accorded high legitimacy in the eyes of the populace. The most common crime is theft, especially car break-ins and automobile theft. Economic and financial crimes are also common. Social and political protest movements have occasionally resulted in fatalities.